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Coffee is a beverage that’s brewed with very hot or boiling water, and coffee beans which have already been roasted and ground. Coffee beans are sourced from coffee plants, members of the botanical genus Coffea. The beans are found inside the plant’s fruit, which are known as cherries; it takes about a year for a cherry to mature and ripen so its bean can be harvested. The plants (which are actually coffee trees trimmed to a smaller size) require mild temperatures, sufficient shade and lots of rain. For that reason they can only be productively grown in temperate areas of the world between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.
How Did People Start Drinking Coffee? It’s virtually impossible to know exactly when people started drinking coffee. It’s believed that the beverage originated either in Yemen or Ethiopia around the seventh or eighth century, but historians weren’t exactly publishing detailed accounts back then. We have to rely on later research and verbal histories passed down through the generations. Coffee is slightly acidic and somewhat bitter, it’s known to have health benefits, it acts as a mild stimulant because of its caffeine content, and it’s the second most-popular beverage in the world (right behind tea, and not counting water). We’ll be looking at those attributes in more detail, after a look at the history of coffee. please go here https://buzzcoffee.com.au/ to know more about How Did People Start Drinking Coffee ,Popularity of Coffee, Types of Coffee, Health Benefits of Coffee, Coffee Varieties and Flavors.
The Increased Popularity of Coffee: Merchants and diplomats from around the world became familiar with the intoxicating aroma and delicious taste of coffee during the 16th and 17th century, as they traveled to Turkey, Middle Eastern nations, and other regions to which the practice of drinking coffee had spread. The Ottoman Empire had conquered Yemen in 1538, and the governor they installed there brought coffee back to Istanbul in 1555. Turkish royalty began roasting beans to make the brew (a “chief coffee maker” was actually a member of the royal court), and its popularity quickly spread to the wealthy and then to the public through the coffeehouses that sprang up. Merchants first brought coffee to Venice in 1615, and coffeehouses began opening a few decades later.
Types of Coffee: Ask a group of people to name their favorite type of coffee, and the vast majority will probably name varieties or flavors like latte, instant coffee, iced coffee, decaf, or “with milk and sugar.” That’s putting the cart before the horse, though. Let’s first consider the types of coffee beans, types of roast and brewing methods that are used to produce all of those varieties and flavors.
Coffee Beans_ There are two predominant types of coffee beans, Arabica and Robusta. (Lighter Excelsa beans and powerful Liberica beans are mostly found in Asia, but are occasionally carried by specialty coffee vendors.) Arabica beans are the most popular because of their quality, with nearly two-thirds of the world’s coffee produced from them. Generally speaking, Arabica coffee isn’t bitter; it’s smooth and flavorful with more acidity – and it’s more expensive to grow, because the plants can only be cultivated at higher altitudes with extra shade and water. Those are the reasons why 100% Arabica coffee is a favorite with coffee drinkers, and the pricier choice.
Coffee Roasts_ Everyone who drinks coffee has heard of light, medium and dark roasts. But even many coffee lovers can’t provide exact definitions for them. Let’s take care of that. Roasted coffee supplanted boiled coffee centuries ago, but the modern-day process of roasting coffee beans didn’t really take shape until the mid-19th century, when large-scale commercial roasters were patented and became available to coffee producers.
Health Benefits of Coffee: There can be no definitive summary of coffee’s health benefits, since some of the research is preliminary and many other possibilities are still being investigated. But coffee contains a number of vitamins (B2, B3 among them), minerals (including potassium and magnesium), and powerful antioxidants (like caffeic and chlorogenic acids). Those apparently contribute to these (and other) potential benefits of drinking coffee regularly. Large studies and meta-analyses of research involving coffee drinkers show that they have about a 10% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, along with lower risks of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. 3-4 cups per day seems to be the “sweet spot.
Consuming the same amount of coffee daily seems to lower the risk of depression as well. Participants in one study who drank three cups of coffee per day apparently lowered their risk of liver cancer by 50%. Research also indicates that the risk of other types of liver disease is also lower in coffee drinkers. Parkinson’s disease risk seems to be dramatically lower in those who drink more than four cups of coffee a day, and coffee drinking may also help sufferers control their movements. Caffeine is believed responsible for those effects.
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